Rental Housing Lawsuits

California Repository on Legal Action

Lawsuits by Subject

Eviction Moratoria
Rent Registries
Rental Housing Ordinances
Other Lawsuits

Lawsuits by CalRHA Affiliate

Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles (AAGLA)
Berkeley Property Owners Association (BPOA) & East Bay Rental Housing Association (EBRHA)
Santa Barbara Rental Property Owners Association (SBRPA)
Small Property Owners San Francisco Institute (SPOSFI)

Eviction Moratoria Lawsuits

United States

Date filed: October 13, 2021

Attorney for Plaintiffs: Dorsey & Whitney LLP

Plaintiffs: National Apartment Association (NAA) & Large National Rental Housing Providers

Defendants: United States Government

Filing Information: United States Court of Federal Claims, Case No. 1:21-cv-01621-AOB, First Amended Complaint Against CDC Eviction Moratoirum, Class Action Lawsuit to Recover Damages.

Claims:
  • Taking Without Just Compensation. The Constitution requires just compensation for the taking.
  • Illegal Exaction. The CDC Order has enriched the Government at Plaintiffs’ expense, directly or in effect, by illegally imposing costs and expenses on Plaintiffs that Plaintiffs should not have to bear and that the Government otherwise would bear, including without limitation the cost of housing delinquent or non-rent paying individuals.

State of California

Date filed: August 13, 2021

Attorney for Plaintiffs: FisherBroyles LLP

Plaintiffs: California Rental Housing Association (CalRHA), Mary Montano and Trang Ho

Defendants: Gavin Newsom, Rob Bonta, and DOES 1-20

Affiliates Impacted: AAGLA, AAOC, BPOA, EBRHA, NCRPA, NVPOA, SBRPA, SCRHA, SPOSFI

Filing Information: US District Court Eastern District of California, Case No. 2:21-cv-01394-JAM-JDP, First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, and Damages

Claims:
  • Violation of the Due Process Clause of the US Constitution. Precludes a landlord from contesting that certification and denies the landlord a hearing. This scheme violates the USB Supre Court's longstanding teaching that ordinarily no man can be a judge in his own case consistent with the Due Process Clause.
  • Violation of the Takings Clause of the US Constitution. the taking is not for a public use or purpose. The
    moratorium’s express purpose and effect are to benefit “a particular class of identifiable individuals”—namely, tenants. Provides no immediate or adequate mechanism for compensating owners for the loss of their property rights.
  • Violation of the Contracts Clause of the US Constitution. AB 832 unilaterally rewrites all rental agreements within the State to eliminate the contractual right to repossess units for nonpayment of rent, without any attempt to tie such wholesale revisions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Defendants’ conduct in adopting and enforcing that law has deprived and, unless enjoined, will continue to deprive owners of their rights, privileges, and immunities secured by the United States Constitution and/or laws of the United States to which owners are entitled.

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Alameda County

Date filed: March 1, 2022

Attorney for Plaintiffs: Zacks, Patterson & Freedman

Plaintiffs: Housing Providers of America (HPOA), and Five Individual Owners

Defendants: Alameda County, Alameda County Board of Supervisors, City of Oakland, and Oakland City Council

Affiliates Impacted: BPOA, EBRHA

Filing Information: US District Court for the Northern District of California, Case #42 U.S.C § 1983; C.C.P § 1085, Complaint for Damages; Petition for Writ and Reqeust For Immediate Stay, March 1, 2022.

Claims:
  • Violation of 5th Amendment to the US Constitution. Prohibition of the taking of private property for public use without just compensation.
  • Inverse Condemnation. Takings without just compensation and violate Plantiffs' rights protected by the California Constitution. 
  • Violation of Due Process. Violation of substantive and procedural due process rights under the US Constitution.
  • Violation of Equal Protection. Violates right to equal protection of the laws, on their face and as applied.
  • Writ of Mandate. Authorizes the Cout to set aside public agency decisions involving a prejudicial abuse of discretion or error of law.
Media Coverage

Landlords Sue to End Eviction Moratoriums in Oakland and Alameda County, March 3, 2022, Darin BondGraham, Oaklandside.org

Property Owners Sue Oakland, Alameda County to End Eviction Moratorium, March 1, 2022, Bob Egelko, SF Chronicle

East Bay Landlords Sue to Overturn COVID Eviction Bans, March 4, 2022, Marisa Kendall, The San Jose Mercury News


Los Angeles County

Initial Filing Date: June 11, 2020

Attorney for Plaintiffs: Rutan & Tucker, LLP

Plaintiffs: Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles

Defendants: City of Los Angeles, Mayor Garcetti, and the City Council

Affiliates Impacted: AAGLA

Filing(s) Information: US District Court for the Central District of California, Case No. 2:20-cv-05193-DDP-JEM Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, June 11, 2020. Second Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief.

Appeal from US District Court for the Central District of California, Case No. 220-cv-05193-DDP-JEM.

Petition for Writ of Certiorari, November 23, 2021, to review the judgement of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in the California Supreme Court.

Claims:
  • Violation of the Contracts Clause of the US Constitution. The Eviction Moratorium and Rent Freeze Ordinances fundamentally upend the contratual bargains struck between Plantiff's members and their tenants by effectively relieving the tenants of their obligation to pay rent and comply with certain other provisions of their leases, and leaving owners, like Plaintiff's members, without any recourse for an undetermined period of time.
  • Violation of the Contracts Clause of the California Constitution. The City seeks to substantially impair the obligations of the existing lease and/or rental agreements without justificaion, and in direct violation of the Contracts Clause.
  • Violation of the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution. The Ordinances force property owners and lessors to accept the occpuation of tenants without any payment of rent concurrent with the occupancies.
  • Violation of the Takings Clause of the California Constitution. Prohibiting Plaintiff's members from rightfully collecting rent from their tenants in the State of California, in exchange for the tenants' lawful possession of Plaintiff's properties, despite other compliance measures being taken to satisfy the public health interests at the state and to financially compensate those affected by COVID-19, violates Plaintiff's fundamental Constitutional rights.
  • Violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Ordinances deprive Plaintiff's members' of their rights and liberties in the use of their properties...and specifically the unreasonable prohibition on the collection of rent and termination of rightful eviction processes.
  • Preemption by State Law. Prohibits property owners from serving eviction notices and/or filing unlawful detainer actions in various circumstances—and providing for penalties against owners who make such communications—the Eviction Moratorium conflicts with the litigation privilege set forth in California Civil Code section 47.
  • Violation of the Tenth Amendment to the US Constitution. The City mandated that property owners allow tenants to continue to occupy rental units without paying rent, and without providing any mechanism for owners to be made whole. Such a mandate...deprived Plantiff's members of all economically beneficial use of their properties without just compensation.
Media Coverage

Los Angeles' Largest Landlord Group Requests Injunction Over Eviction, Rent Freeze MoratoriumSeptember 23, 2020, Evan Symon, California Globe.

Landlord Organizaiton Appeals Judge's Ruling to Let LA Eviction Moratorium StandDecember 7, 2020, City News Service, WeHoville.com

Case Progression

November 13, 2020: Judgement entered by Federal Judge in Los Angeles. Rejection of prelimary injunction. [Read opinion here.]

August 25, 2021: Judgement entered, No. 20-56251, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. "Appellate panel upheld the trial court's refusal to grant injunctive relief against the moraotirum on the basis that the landlords were unlikely to succeed on the merits of their Contracts Clause challenge." [Read opinion here.]

March 11, 2022: Brief in Opposition for the City of Los Angeles. Petition denied by United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. [Read opinion here.]

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Los Angeles City

Initial Filing Date: June 11, 2020

Attorney for Plaintiffs: Rutan & Tucker, LLP

Plaintiffs: Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles

Defendants: City of Los Angeles, Mayor Garcetti, and the City Council

Affiliates Impacted: AAGLA

Filing(s) Information: US District Court for the Central District of California, Case No. 2:20-cv-05193-DDP-JEM Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, June 11, 2020. Second Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief.

Appeal from US District Court for the Central District of California, Case No. 220-cv-05193-DDP-JEM.

Petition for Writ of Certiorari, November 23, 2021, to review the judgement of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in the California Supreme Court.

Claims:
    • Violation of the Contracts Clause of the US Constitution. The Eviction Moratorium and Rent Freeze Ordinances fundamentally upend the contratual bargains struck between Plantiff's members and their tenants by effectively relieving the tenants of their obligation to pay rent and comply with certain other provisions of their leases, and leaving owners, like Plaintiff's members, without any recourse for an undetermined period of time.

Los Angeles City

Initial Filing Date: August 4, 2021

Attorney for Plaintiffs: Rutan & Tucker, LLP

Plaintiffs: GHP Management Corporation & Palmer Properties

Defendants: City of Los Angeles; and Does 1-25

Affiliates Impacted: AAGLA

Filing Information: United States District Court Central District of California; Case No. Unknown, Complaint for Uncompensated Per Se Physical Taking in Violation of the Fifth Amendment; Uncompesnated Regulatory Taking In Violationof the 5th Amendment to US Constitution; Uncompensated Taking in Violation of Article 1, Section 19 of California Constitution.


Los Angeles County

Initial Filing Date: March 7, 2022

Attorney for Plaintiffs: Rutan & Tucker, LLP

Plaintiffs: Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles and the Apartmentment Owners Association of California, Inc.

Defendants: County of Los Angeles and Does 1-25

Affiliates Impacted: AAGLA

Filing Information: Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles, Central Justice Center, Case No. 22STCV08225, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief to Enjoin Enforcement of County of Los Angeles' Renewed COVID-19 Eviction Ban

Claims:
  • Procedural Due Process - Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution. Defendants are depriving property owners of their property rights without providing an adequate procedural remedy by implementing the Renewed Eviction Ban’s provisions foreclosing property owners from commencing or prosecuting eviction proceedings upon the submission of a tenant’s self-certification.
  • Substantive Due Process - Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution. In the absence of declaratory and injunctive relief, property owners will continue to be irreparably harmed and to be subjected to this deprivation of rights guaranteed to them by the United States Constitution.
  • Void for Vagueness - Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution. In the absence of declaratory and injunctive relief, property owners will continue to be irreparably harmed and to be subjected to this deprivation of rights guaranteed to them by the United States Constitution.
  • Declaratory Relief Code of Civil Procedure § 1060. A declaration is necessary and appropriate at this time in order that Plaintiffs and Defendants may ascertain their rights and duties with respect to the validity and enforceability of the Renewed Eviction Ban.
Media Coverage

Apartment Owners Challenge LA County Renewed Eviction Ban, March 8, 2022, City News Service, The Antelope Valley Times

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San Diego County

Initial Filing Date: May 13, 2021

Attorney for Plaintiffs: FisherBroyles LLP

Plaintiffs: Southern California Rental Housing Association

Defendants: County of San Diego, Board of Supervsiors of San Diego County, Does 1-20 inclusive.

Affiliates Impacted: SCRHA

Filing Information: US District Court Southern District of California, Case No. '21CV0912 DMS DEB, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, and Damages, May 13, 2021.

Claims:
  • Violation of the Contracts Clause of the US Constitutions. Ordinance substantially impairs the contractrual relationship between rental housing owners and their tenants.
  • Violation of the Takings Clause of the US Constitution. Ordinance effects a per se taking of rental housing owners' properties because it indefinitely grants tenant near-unqaulified access to and use of the properties.
  • Violation of Article XI, Section 7 of the California Constitution. Ordinance has no lawful application outside the unincorporated areas of the County. Plaintiff's members with rental housing properties in cities within the County are immediately harmed, an will continue to be harmed tby an Ordinance that constitutionalyl should not apply to them or their properties.
Media Coverage

San Diego Eviction Ban Survives Legal ChallengeJuly 28, 2021, Phillip Molnar, The San Diego Union-Tribune.

Case Progression

June 1, 2021: Denial of requiest for temporary restraining order to stop eviction moraotirum from being enforced for 18 days. 

July 27, 2021: Denial of SCRHA motion, citing the temporary nature and public interest. Appeal to the 9th Circuit Court filed.

[Need more info: Appeal denied, upheld judge's decision. Eviction moratoirum subsequently expired. SCRHA filed new lawsuit to prevent future similar eviction moratoriums being put into place.]

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Rental Housing Ordinances

San Francisco City

Initial Filing Date:

Attorney for Plaintiffs: 

Plaintiffs: San Francisco Apartment Association (SFAA); Coalition for Better Housing; San Francisco Association of Realtors; Small Property Owners San Francisco Institute (SPOSFI)

Defendants: City of San Francisco

Affiliates Impacted: SPOSFI

Filing Information: US District Court for

Other Lawsuits

Relocation Ordinance (City of Santa Barbara)

Date filed: February 25, 2022

Attorney for Plaintiffs: FisherBroyles LLP

Plaintiffs: Santa Barbara Rental Property Association & Nogara LLC

Defendants: City of Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara City Council, City Attorney, Does 1-20

Affiliates Affected: SBRPA

Filing Information: US District Court Central District of California, Case No: __________, Federal Civil Rights Complaint for Equitable Relief and Damages

Claims:
  • Facial and As-Applied Violation of the Contracts Clause. The Relocation Payment Law impairs existing contracts, including specifically Nogara's lease contract, in violation of the Contracts Clause.
  • Facial and As-Applied Violation of the Takings Clause of the US Constitution. The relocation payment requirement violates the Public Use and Just Compensation Clauses and is unconstitutional.
  • Facial and As-Applied Violation of the Unconstitutional Conditions Doctrine. The Relocation Payment Law fails the "nexus" and "rough proportionality" tests of Nollan and Dolan, and therefore violates the unconstitutional conditions doctrine.
  • Unlawful Relocation Payment Amount. The Relocation Payment Law's relocation payment amount is unlawful because it is arbitrary, capricious and/or entirely lacking in evidentiary support.
Media Coverage

To be reported

Case Progression

To be reported

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